Checks in the pregnancy

First trimester pregnancy:
  • Exam: Pregnancy test (after the first day of delay)
    it is a test that measures the Beta HCG hormone, or Human Chorionic Gonadotropin. It is the hormone secreted by some cells of the future placenta as soon as the embryo is installed in the uterine wall, immediately after conception. This hormone, absent in the unfertilized woman, is traceable about eight days after fertilization.
  • Exam: nuchal translucency test. (Between weeks 10 and 14)
    It is used to evaluate the percentage of probability of possible malformations of the fetus.
  • Exam: Urine test (one every month)
    It is used to verify that the woman has not contracted urinary tract infections.
  • Exam: Blood test (one every month)
    It is used to verify that the blood values ​​are normal.
  • Exam: Coombs test. (if you have the negative RH factor, every month)
    It is used to verify that the blood values ​​are normal.
  • Exam: Ultrasound. (one every quarter)
    The first ultrasound: used to verify that the baby’s heart beats (weeks 6 and 11)
    The second ultrasound: morphology, to verify that all the organs of the child are functioning correctly and to evaluate if there are any malformations (weeks 20-22)
    The third ultrasound: to verify that pregnancy proceeds normally and that the child is developing correctly (weeks 28-37)
  • Exam: Weight control (every month)It is used to verify that the pregnant woman does not increase its weight exponentially. In fact, the saying that we must eat for two is not true. An excessive weight loss could negatively affect the health of the fetus.
  • Exam: Pressure control (every month). It is used to verify during pregnancy the woman’s pressure does not change with respect to the normal values.
  • Exam: Bi-test and Tri-test. (week 11-14). These are two types of maternal blood samples and give statistical results on the probability of having children with malformations and chromosomal abnormalities.
Second-trimester pregnancy exams:
  • Exam: O’Sullivan test or curve and glycemic minicurva (weeks 24 and 28)
    It is used to verify that the woman does not contract gestational diabetes. (glycemic curve).
  • Exam: Cordocentosis (weeks 18-20)
    It is used to check for any chromosomal abnormalities found in amniocentesis. (consists of fetal blood).
  • Exam: Amniocentesis and Villocentesis (weeks 15-18)
    It is used to check for any chromosomal abnormalities found in the fetus.
  • Exam: Morphological (weeks 15-18)
    It is used to check that all the baby’s organs are working properly and to evaluate if there are any malformations.

 

Third-trimester pregnancy exams:
  • Exam: Ultrasound (weeks 28-37)
    It is used to verify that pregnancy proceeds normally and that the child is developing correctly.
  • Exam: Vaginal-rectal swab (from weeks 35)
    It is used to detect the presence of beta-hemolytic Streptococcus group B or Streptococcus agalactiae, a bacterium harmless to the mother and the fetus but potentially dangerous for the baby at birth.
  • Exam: Monitoring of the fetal heartbeat (from weeks 40)
    It is used to evaluate the state of health of the fetus. An absolutely regular, constant beat is not a sign of good health. On the contrary: if the baby’s beat is variable during a few minutes it means that the baby is fine.